Qinghai and the Tibetan plateau or Soils of China

Qinghai and the Tibetan plateau or Soils of China

This area covers an average of 3962.4 meters, and it is always very chilly, unless in broad sunlight. The region is arid to semi-arid since it is largely under the rain shadow of the Himalayas. This indicates that, although being close to the cancer tropic, Qinghai and Tibet are mostly non-tropical.

Because of the region’s proximity to India and Central Asia, the people, economy, and even religions of Qinghai and Tibet have been relatively
unaffected by China’s policies in the east. Qinghai and Tibet continue to be remote and sparsely populated. Where conditions allow, the Chinese have encouraged farmers from overpopulated areas to the east to migrate westward.

According to Britannica.com, “China has 33 administrative units directly under the central government; these are 22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, four municipalities (Chongquing, Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjam), and two special administrative regions” ( Hong kong and Macau). Taiwan is an island province that has been administered separately since 1949.”

Soils of China

Soils of China

China has a diverse range of soils. Because China has a large and diverse range of weather conditions. Except for the tundra soils and the highly leached podzolic-gley soils of the northern taiga, China has all of the Eurasian continent’s soil types. The soils north of the Qin Mountains-Huai River Line are pedocals with neutral to alkaline reactions, whereas those south of this line are pedalfers with acidic reactions.

On the soil map of China, there are 232 antropogenic soils, which account for around 12% of the country’s total soil surface. Long periods of agriculture resulted in the formation of these anthropogenic soil

In China, 302 soils were identified as being unique. Xinjiang has the most distinct soils (75), followed by Tibet (30), Hebei (29), Qinghai (22) and Yunnan (22). The black soil in northern China is regarded as one of the most fruitful soils in the country. Unfortunately, misuse, erosion, and pollution have damaged more than 40% of China’s soil. According to the government’s 2014 soil assessment, metals such as lead, cadmium, and arsenic, as well as organic and inorganic chemical pollutants, contaminated 19 percent of China’s cropland. Contaminated soil accounts for 16.1% of the total. China’s agricultural land was reported to be 56.08 percent. According to the World Bank’s compilation of development indicators derived from officially recognized sources in 2018.

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